W.S. Richardson family-Westmount, Chateauguay
Notes for Edwin Richardson
The Grand Trunk Railway of Canada was proposed in 1851 as the main trunk line through the United Province of Canada. It was formally incorporated in 1852 to build a railway from Toronto to Montreal.
At the time, the GTR desired a rail access to Portland, Maine, a seaport that could be used all year long ( the port of Montreal closed each winter). Accordingly, in 1853, the company amalgamated with the St. Lawrence & Atlantic Railroad, acquiring its line between Montreal and the Canada-United States border. It also leased the St. Lawrence & Atlantic Railroad line from the border to Portland. The original track gauge (the distance between the two rails) of this line was 5-foot 6-inches. The GTR adopted this gauge for all their lines but later, in 1873, converted their lines to the “Standard” gauge of four-feet-eight and one half inches.
A bridge over the St. Lawrence River to connect this line to Montreal was required. Construction of the Victoria Bridge began in 1854, and the first train operated over it in 1859.
After its formation, the GTR proceeded immediately with the construction between Montreal and Toronto. This line was opened for traffic in 1856. During this period, other railway construction had been undertaken west of Toronto, towards Guelph and Stratford. This line was extended to Sarnia, in 1859. A ferry service was then established across the St. Clair River to Fort Gratiot (now Port Huron, Michigan). This service was later replaced by the St. Clair Tunne, which was opened for railway traffic in September 1891.
In Quebec, a line had been built from Quebec City to Richmond between 1848 and 1854. Upon its completion, it was taken over by the GTR, and extended to Rivière-du-Loup to connect with the Intercolonial Railway. In 1864, the GTR took over the Champlain & St. Lawrence Railroad. This was Canada’s first railway, and had been completed from Laprairie to St. John’s, Quebec in 1836, and extended to Rouses Point, New York in 1851.
By 1880, the Grand Trunk Railway system stretched from Chicago, Illinois to the St. Lawrence River at Montreal, and to the Atlantic Ocean at Portland, Maine. By 1923, 125 smaller railway companies had merged into the GTR.
To compete with the Canadian Pacific Railway in western Canada, the GTR formed a subsidiary company, the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway in 1914. This railway experienced heavy financial losses and was largely responsible for the bankruptcy of the GTR in 1919. The Federal Government took over the railway that year, placing it under the management of the Canadian National Railways in 1923.
Edwin Richardson ll (son of Father of Edwin) died October 18, 1907.
Children of Edwin Richardson and Catherine McCulloch are:
- Mary Emily Richardson, b. November 14, 1868, d. date unknown.
- Francis Richardson, d. date unknown.
- Louisa C. Richardson, d. February 5, 1936.
- Ernest Beverly Robinson Richardson, b. July 24, 1875, d. 1950s date unknown.
- Ferdinand Richardson?
+William Sutherland Richardson, b. May 11, 1864, Montreal, d. 1942, Chateauguay.?
Fort Covington, New York?
William Sutherland Richardson (son of Edwin Richardson and Catherine McCulloch) was born May 11, 1864 in Montreal, and died 1942 in Chateauguay.He married Rhoda Ann Boyd on September 28, 1885 in 09-28-1885 William Sutherland Richardson, express messenger, Fort Covington NY, married Rhoda A. Boyd, fourth daughter of Daniel Boyd, Esq.. At the residence of the bride’s father, by Rev. J Barkley Muir, A.M. of St. Andrew’s Church., daughter of Daniel Boyd.
William Sutherland Richardson:
Father to Ernest Robinson : Was a railway man in Montreal before starting the Crown Laundries in Westmount and around 1900 and updated in 1911 in Montreal and then Sherbrooke in 1920. He along with others in Montreal started unique businesses that all became very successful. Royal patrons the Duke and Duchess of Connaught and Princess Patricia. Apparently he was good friends with Henry Birk, Herbert Holt, Henry Morgan, and Charles Ogilvie. He disowned his own son Douglas for marrying a French Canadian girl named Lisa. Douglas’ son John lived in Kingston and was married to Vernice.
Where William Sutherland is buried;
The Chateauguay Protestant Cemetery (previously named Chateauguay Presbyterian Cemetery) dates from 1833. It is located on the east side of the Châteauguay River on Blvd. Salaberry Sud, slightly south of the bridge in the center of town. (45.361N/73.743W) It is established as a private corporation managed by a volunteer committee and serves all the protestant denominations in the City of Châteauguay. The committee does have some documentation compiled in the 1990s but so far it has not been published. This documentation has been transcribed into a database. A complete set of photographs have been taken and the inscriptions transcribed into the data base. Some information from old church records has also been entered and an index of all the names created. As soon as a few loose ends are tidied up, an on-line listing will be prepared. In the meantime, specific lookup requests can be answered by the cemetery researcher.
More About William Sutherland Richardson:
Event 1: 1900, Worked for New York Central Railway.
Event 2: 1902, Started Crown Laundries on St. Catherine Street in Westmount. Nine years later updating the original location and adding the adjoining property with a most imposing structure and was a pleasing addition to the commercial area around Green. Designed by MacVicar and Heriot architects, at 104 Union Avenue and contractors were Gray, and Weighton for the Brickwork and Geo. Roberta, Carpentry. At the time business was increasing so fast that it was doubtful that the structure could accommodate the business by the end of the year.
One of the more distinguished patrons was the Duke and Duchess of Connaught and Princess Patricia. Every laundry of size in the Ottawa are was given a trial on the or the Royal household but none of those proved satisfactory and having heard through Montreal friends of the reputation of this Westmount laundry the Duke ordered that they be given a trail and has since expressed satisfaction with the work.
More About William Sutherland Richardson and Rhoda Ann Boyd:
Marriage 1: September 28, 1885, 09-28-1885 William Sutherland Richardson, express messenger, Fort Covington NY, married Rhoda A. Boyd, fourth daughter of Daniel Boyd, Esq.. At the residence of the bride’s father, by Rev. J Barkley Muir, A.M. of St. Andrew’s Church.
Marriage 2: 09-28-1885 William Sutherland Richardson, express messenger, Fort Covington NY, married Rhoda A. Boyd, fourth daughter of Daniel Boyd, Esq.. At the residence of the bride’s father, by Rev. J Barkley Muir, A.M. of St. Andrew’s Church..
General Notes: Mr. Richardson founded and named the hospital in memory of his son Julius Jeffery Gordon Richardson who died in battle during the first world war. The hospital began in Chateauguay as a soldier convalescent home. By the early 1920’s, there being no need by the soldiers, the hospital began taking underprivileged children who needed convalescence following polio, tuberculosis or other long-term illnesses. Since most of children came from the Montreal area the board of directors bought some land in Notre-Dame-de-Grace, in late 1952, where the present building stands.
Mr. Richardson also built the Julius Richardson Convalescent Home Chateauguay, Julius Richardson Elementary School in Chateauguay and added an addition to the Chateauguay Protestant Church, he also built the Julius Richardson Convalescent Home in Montreal in 1952 now called (Richardson Hospital) in Montreal.
Marriage Notes: for William Sutherland Richardson and Rhoda Ann Boyd:
09-28-1885 William Sutherland Richardson, express messenger, Fort Covington NY, married Rhoda A. Boyd, fourth daughter of Daniel Boyd, Esq. At the residence of the bride’s father, by Rev. J Barkley Muir, A.M. of St. Andrew’s Church.
Children of William Sutherland Richardson and Rhoda Ann Boyd are:
- +Ernest Robinson (Bob) Richardson, b. April 21, 1893, Montreal, d. 1988, Montreal.
- +Douglas Richardson, b. October 4, 1887, d. 1949.
- +Effie Richardson, b. March 31, 1891, d. 1971.
- +Frances Rhoda Boyd (nee McKellar) Richardson, b. May 27, 1896, d. 1979.
- Julius Richardson, b. January 14, 1895, d. June 7, 1916.
- Marguerite Richardson, b. 1898, d. 1927.
- John (died as a baby) Richardson, d. date unknown.
- Gordon Richardson, b. September 20, 1889, d. date unknown.Home Page
- Notes for Gordon Richardson:
04-21-1929 Gordon Richardson, beloved husband of Marguerite Christine Castel, and second son of Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Richardson, of Chateauguay Basin PQ. Died suddenly at the Western Hospital, aged 41 years.
Found in the book: 1890
Father: William Sutherland
Mother: Boyd, Rhoda
Birth date: 1889-09-20
Baptism date: 1890-04-20
Witnesses: Richardson, W.S.; Richardson, Rhoda; Boyd, Rhoda;
Church: Church of England at Huntingdon Village and Parts Adjacent
Minister: Henry Gomery
Julius Jeffrey Gordon Richardson died in First World War – Canadian Virtual War Memorial
William Sutherland Richardson (b. May 11, 1864, d. 1942)
Children of William Sutherland Richardson and Rhoda Ann Boyd are:
Earnest Robinson Richardson
Born April 21, 1893, in Westmount Montreal, and died 1988 in Montreal.
Crown Laundry and Dry Cleaners Ltd., Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
Death: Died July 10, 1988, in Baie D’Urfe, Quebec, Quebec, Canada
Cause of death: Old Age(95)
Place of Burial: Chateauguay, Quebec, Quebec, Canada
Immediate Family: Son of William Sutherland Richardson
Husband of Florence Richardson
Father of Jean Frostad; Roberta Edgell and William Richardson
Arriving from Montreal Ernest Richardson started Crown Laundry of Sherbrooke in 1919 year as a modest laundry, the Crown Laundry has now blossomed into a modern and up-to-date establishment with headquarters on King St. West in Sherbrooke. The original Crown Laundry building was located on Jenckes Lane, just off Bank Street in Sherbrooke’s North Ward. The building also bordered the Magog River. In February 1949 the business moved into a new building on King Street West which was designed by Bill. At the original plant on Jenckes Lane a dry cleaning section was added in 1923, four years after the firm was founded and all the deliveries were made with horse drawn vehicles.
Roberta Richardson married Peter Edgell
Children: John, Christopher, Jeffery, David and Anne.
Jean Richardson married Gerald Frostad
Children: Karen, Eric, Kim, Lief and John.
William Sutherland Richardson
Birthdate: June 6, 1920
Death: (October 31, 1973, Sherbrooke)
Crown Laundry and Dry Cleaners Ltd., Sherbrooke, Quebec.
Immediate Family: Son of Ernest Robinson Richardson and Florence Richardson
Husband of Barbara Helen Peabody, Birth: November 1921 Death: March 23, 2016
Father of Robert Richardson; Sharon, Butch and Linda.
Brother of Jean Frostad and Roberta Edgell
Heading one of Canada’s most successful and widely recognized laundries is William S. Richardson, who although not yet in his forties, has had some 25 years of experience in his field. The Crown Laundry of Sherbrooke was founded by the present general manager’s father Ernest R. Richardson who in 1940 left Sherbrooke to take over the management of the Crown Laundry of Westmount in Montreal, leaving Bill his son in charge.
In 1948 Bill designed and installed a modern new building for his company utilizing most of the modern methods and machinery. Four years later he was elected a director of the Canadian Research Institute of Launderers and Cleaners at Ottawa. The following year Bill received the Bronze Plaque from the American Institute of Laundering, Joliet Illinois, for outstanding achievement in the Laundry Industry.
In 1954 Bill was elected president of the Canadian Research Institute, which his father helped to found in 1934. The elder Mr. Richardson also served as president of the CRI in 1936 and 1937. Bill was again named to the industry which now tops the $100 million mark in sales in 1956. This is the first time that the twin industries have been privileged in having the second generation as president.
In addition Mr. Richardson is a past director of the Sherbrooke Rotary Club, past president of the Canadian Sanitone Cleaners Association, past governor of St. George’s Club, past president of the RCAF Association, Director of the YMCA, president of the Boy Scouts Executive of Lennoxville, Governor of the Sherbrooke Hospital and married with four children.
Mr. Richardson was born and educated in Sherbrooke (SHS) and took over the Company in 1940.
During the war, he served five years with the Royal Canadian Air Force. While on enlistment in the RCAF in 1941 he served in the laundry division, setting up several laundry and dry cleaning establishments for the Government until his discharge in 1946 when he returned to civilian life.
Excerpt: Canadian Cleaner and Launder July 1960.
“Explaining the success of employer-employee relations at the Crown Laundry, Mr. Richardson says “whether we are referring to supervisors of personnel or production or any other phase of supervision, all are dependent upon the other in achieving the ultimate goal, and that is having a successful business family founded on good plant morale. Supervisors in the simplest form, in the control of the performances of people.
And when a supervisor fulfills the obligations of his job becomes management’s biggest asset in employee relations. Possibly we see why supervision is of vital importance to our whole set up of personnel management.
The necessity of dry cleaning is also pointed out by Mr. Richardson who explains that continued pressing of a garment damages it by pressing in the dust particles to form an abrasive which, with the movement of the garment during the wear. If the garment is cleaned regularly this situation is averted.
A suit has just as much dirt as a shirt he points out and the cleaning the garment restores the natural oil of the fiber to maintain the luster of the particular fiber. Good dry cleaning does not damage the garment and regular quality cleaning does not damage the garment and regular quality cleaning will ensure longer life and better appearance. “It is strange,” states Mr. Richardson, that a man washes his face daily, his shirt two or three times and week but thinks his suit only needs cleaning a few times a year.
Today, in the era of automation and high living costs as compared with 1923, one could get a suit cleaned for just $1.50, however, the same suit today costs $2.00.
The policies on which the Crown Laundry stands are service, cleanliness and solid employer/employee relations.
The fact that good relations exist is attested to by the fact that some of the key jobs in the Laundry are held by men and women who have served with the company for years. The wash man has served for 33 years, the dry cleaner for 20. One technical superintendent started on a route 10 years ago and a former superintendent is now a technical advisor with 29 years service. The company is noted for long-term service of employees and the average employment period is 15-20 years.
Not only has the company followed the pattern of modern technological advances in the industry but they have engaged themselves in an active advertising campaign, which has proven most successful.
After the company installed themselves in their present location it was decided to hold an open house for customers and friends. That was seven years ago and every year since an open house has been held. Bill attributes the steady increase of volume to this promotion. Many of the people attending the first function brought their families with them and now the members of these different families are customers now too. The success of these open houses can be attributed to the careful planning and advertising on the part of the company. Some of the main points which go into the planning of this annual event are advance meetings with the employees, solicitation of help from allied tradesman, good housekeeping in all departments, tours tied in with special promotions and outstanding publicity utilizing events.
First of all, every employee is given complete instructions to follow during the actual open house sessions. Production is in full swing during visitation hours, which are from 2until 4 in the afternoon. Another session is held from 7 to 9 in the evenings. The open house is a one day affair.
Tours are conducted in groups of about 25 people each by route men and allied tradesman. They are briefed on each departments function and tour routes are outlined.
Representatives of several supply houses are invited to assist on the tours. They also know that good public relations and well informed customers mean more supply sales for them.
All the planning and good housekeeping will not draw people to these tours. That takes careful advertising. The first annual affair had a natural peg on which to hang the promotion. It coincided with the grand opening of a new plant. Advance publicity created enough interest and volume to keep them busy during the open house.
Normally volume drops during February the month when these affairs are held. To keep the crews working at efficiency during these tours a special promotion is launched at the same time. This varies from year to year to give it a new approach. Last year the special inducements was a three for two sale. Another year it may be a special offer on blankets or shirts.
Actually the plant has an open house policy every day. If any customer has a question about process or plant efficiency, she is invited into the production department to see first hand, how a real professional laundry and dry cleaning plant operate.
Also tours are sponsored for the church and civic groups throughout the year. For these the plant donates 25 cents per person to a group or favorite charity.
On one of these plant tours one would first go into the route control room where all sales are controlled and completed work analyzed and charged to the various routes. Customer orders, when received at the plant are tagged and put into the bags and every effort is made to protect and keep intact the orders. Each garment is also classified to permit efficient completion of the various operations.
For the employees there is a first aid room, where qualified first aid men are on hand at all times, and a lunch room where employees rest and eat during coffee breaks and lunch hour. No smoking, eating or drinking is permitted on the plant floor.
The cleaning room is most modern and equipped with petroleum cleaning machines. Here each load is weighed and put into the machines for a 25 minute period. Every operation is timed and the material is weighed with every machine being temperature controlled.
For the drying operation, four dryers are used, each one drying the load and removing the odors. The Sanitone process used by the Crown Laundry eliminates spotting to a certain extent but in order to eliminate it completely all garments are sent to the spotting department, one of the most important in the plant.
All work travels on a slickrail.
All woollen garments are finished in the finishing room where there are two “air form” finishing machines. This is the only plant that finishes the lining.
In the silk finishing departments the dresses are examined to determine the classification and all the ornaments or buttons are removed. The dresses are then spotted and cleaned in a special formula, according to classification. Dried and deodorized with the original luster of the dresses restored in the same condition as it first entered the plant.
Machinery now does most of the work but that added touch comes with everything finally being touched with hands. The Crown Laundry having the highest of standards.
After washing operation the pieces go to the extractor and the other utility units which finish the wearing apparel. All towels are dried by air in the tumblers. Four units are used to finish shirts requiring two operations with the capacity of 60 shirts an hour. A flatwork ironer weighing 13 tonnes is so fine it can take a wet piece of tissue from one end to the other without tearing it. The sorting department prepares the packages for shipment and all packages are quality finished and wrapped.
In order to prevent confusion both the company and the customer colored tags and invoices are used.
The Crown’s two service stores carrying different invoices while the Frontenac store has blue ones.
As proof of the quality dry cleaning which the Crown has done over the past years, the company received the Sanitone Distinguished Service award for 15 years of outstanding service to the community in establishing the highest standard of dry cleaning excellence. This was awarded to W. S. Richardson last year.
Company service is also seen with its fleet of eight trucks which pick up and deliver laundry and dry cleaning in all parts of the city and at the three service stores where customers bring in their garments and an 8 hour service is provided.”
Robert Gordon Richardson
Birthdate: June 29, 1952
Crown Laundry and Dry Cleaners Ltd., Sherbrooke, Quebec. 1964 – 1971
Son: Jonathan Robert Richardson
Birthdate: November 4, 1983
Grand Son: Nathan Richardson
Birthdate: May 1, 2014